One of the original 13 colonies, Connecticut is a state rich in history. It is the southernmost state in New England and the wealthiest state in the country per capita. While it is the third smallest state in size in the USA, it is home to 167 cities in just 8 counties. The population of the state is actually less than nearby New York City.
Connecticut is full of charm and rural beauty. There are a number of beaches at the shore, with State parks and forests throughout the state, and many smaller parks as well. The biggest river of the country splits the state into half.
Connecticut has been dairy farm country and cows used to dominate the rural landscape, but horses are about to take over. A census released in 2004 by the United States Department of Agriculture reported that there were 4,191 farms in the state in 2002, down from 4,905 in 1997, and that the number of cows has fallen 21 percent, to about 54,000. A survey by the University of Connecticut counted more than 47,000 horses. The University said that Connecticut already has the highest density of horses (one for every 68 people) in the country. Over 90% are purely used for recreational reasons.
Connecticut is well known for its affluence, and one of the reasons is that it is so close in proximity to New York City. Connecticut is widely considered to be one of the safest states in the country.
The State's top schools include Yale University, and the State has numerous tourist attractions including world-class museums, Mystic Seaport, as well as the famous fall foliage.
Like most of New England, the weather in Connecticut is varied with the seasons. Although it can be highly unpredictable in the spring and fall months, the weather in Connecticut is generally stable compared to many other parts of the country.